It is important that a high school student does not become a parent or a mother after graduation. The birth rate for women between 15 and 19 years old was 18.8 per 1,000, which is 194,377 children born to American women (Reproductive Health: Teen pregnancy, 2019). For the development of parents and children who are pregnant or parenting teenagers, it is essential to develop pathways and strategies in high school that focus on supporting their intellectual growth as well as their employability. It is possible to increase high school graduation/GED success by taking into account the diverse factors that affect student populations. Academic enrichment can be beneficial for all students in high school, but it may be more effective for certain high-school students. This paper is targeted at high school students with teenage parents or pregnant students. This paper only applies to high school students who are preparing to graduate or to earn an equivalent GED. Although it is admirable for a parent to care for their child full-time, this paper does not address the subgroups that may exist in high school-aged parents. First, there is the single parent, which is a woman studying at the university who has given birth to a child and is now caring for it alone. On the other hand, the single father cares for their child independently, just as the single mother. The concerns of adolescents parents are often the same. Many social consequences are involved, including peer judgement, loss of personal identification, and parental disapproval. High school students are at an age when social connections can be especially important. There are also emotional issues that can occur, including anxiety, depression, and even drug or alcohol abuse (Kotwal& Prabhakar (2009). People in these situations may struggle to manage their stress and responsibilities. You may also lose educational opportunities. For example, you might not be able finish high school. There are significant changes that occur in the lives of people when they have children. Both the academic and parental responsibilities are challenging. High school parents can find it difficult to manage the responsibilities of both these groups. Many people might feel the need for compromises to handle stress. This could include dropping out school or adopting the child. This paper contains resources and support strategies that will help these individuals. They don’t have the choice of education or parental responsibility. It is critical to consider cultural, ethical and socio-economical influences that may impact these vulnerable individuals when devising effective strategies. Many factors contribute to teenage pregnancy and adolescent parental issues. Manlove explains that teens who live in homes with grandparents might be unable to speak out about safe sex, birth controls, and other sensitive subjects. Teenagers with unstable families are more likely than others to have an early sexual relationship. Studies have shown that teenage pregnancy rates in America are lower for families with two parents (Manlove). A study by Aparicio and colleagues found that teenage pregnancy can also be caused by family trauma. (2018) found that teenage mothers often leave their home because of “physical and sexual abuse”, strained relationships, abuse by a family member, or neglect of their children. 2018). A lower socioeconomic standing (SES), in minority communities, results in higher teenage childbearing rates (Penman Aguilar (2013)). There are other factors that influence teenage pregnancy rates. For instance, Asian American families may be more reluctant about having sex with their children and to seek professional sexual and reproductive health care. Aparicio (2018) reports that the pregnant rate for homeless teens is more than 50 percent. Statistics show that Black Americans are more sexually active in the United States than any other race (Manlove, et al. 2013, 2013). Religious factors are an important aspect of teenage parenting and pregnant. Respect is key for students of all faiths. In Islamic culture, teens are encouraged to get pregnant, but this is different from western culture. This means that both teens should get married. If not, the child will be considered an unborn child (Jamaluddin 2013,). A childbearing teenager needs to have support from their family. Being a teen pregnant can be stressful enough. Teenage parents have a greater likelihood of having less contact with their families and lacking peer support. These students may not have the future they had, so it is important to have support and a network to help them. These additional stressors can cause frustration, depression, or anxiety which can affect a teenager’s ability and motivation to be happy. It is important to find effective ways to complete high school (or an equivalent) regardless of cultural and socioeconomic factors that lead to teenage pregnancy in America. These may include, among others, a decreased likelihood of high school graduation, dependence on welfare, single parenthood or low income. It is possible to limit the often-expensive loss of educational and work opportunities for these young parents. According to statistics, around 50% of teen mothers get a high school diploma before the age of 22, as opposed to 90% who don’t have children during their teens (Americans at 31, 2018: Labor Market Activity and Education Summary). A survey by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation revealed that 33% of young women who were surveyed said that being a parent was a significant factor in their decision not to go to school (Bridgeland and Diluilo 2006). Undiagnosed learning disabilities, insufficient academic preparation, low GPAs as well as low expectations are some of the obstacles teens face to complete high school. You may also have to consider the cost of childcare and other financial support. There is overwhelming evidence that teens who have completed high school, GED, technical or college training are more successful than their parents. There have been many programs that have been successful in different communities. But the best plans are comprehensive, also known as “wrap-around” services. They provide academic instruction, homebound training, child care, dual enrollment courses, transition programs, housing and residential programs, as well as scholarships, mentorships, mentoring, and one-to-one support. The Center for Assessment and Policy Development, (CAPD) states that many schools offer support services for pregnant and parenting teens, including childcare, parenting classes, and links with social services. The disadvantage is that these schools often offer less education options than those in comprehensive high schools (Stephens Wolf, Batten 1999). The educational opportunities and services provided by these schools must be comparable to or better than traditional schools in order to improve the outcomes of teen parents. Simpson Academy for Young Women, Chicago’s only school specifically dedicated to parenting teens and their needs, is a strong example of how an integrated, holistic support system can make a difference. Emily Cambry is a Simpson Academy social worker. She says that the most important aspect of social work in keeping teenage mothers in school is to “engaging and connecting” with them while remaining non-judgmental. Students are more motivated when they feel they have support. Simpson Academy staff focus on “addressing social and emotion learning needs of students”, including identifying strengths and goals and discussing the importance completing secondary school. They also discuss the importance of finding a career path which will maximize their ability as young parents. Teen moms often feel low self-esteem, are isolated and feel excluded from high school activities. Simpson Academy hosts a homecoming, prom, and senior class activities to address the problem and encourage attendance. A multi-tiered holistic support system (MTSS) for teenage parents and pregnant women can help reduce high school dropout rates as well as improve educational attainment. These lessons are designed to help teens who are pregnant overcome many of the obstacles they face. Empathy in teaching teenage pregnancy can enhance the culture and reduce stigmatization and isolation that many pregnant teens experience. It will also help them stay in school. Parents and teens in high school who are pregnant may struggle to find the right balance between raising a child and attending high school. A lesson plan that demonstrates the many options for online learning, flexible scheduling, academic/support services, and other educational/support services available to students will help them make informed decisions about how they can achieve their high school diploma. This lesson plan will inform the audience about the education options they have available. It can help to rekindle confidence and drive. This is why it is crucial to help this population achieve their goals. In making decisions, self-esteem plays an important role. It is essential to increase self-worth. Students are also susceptible to stress, particularly teenagers with children. They stress about schoolwork and social discrimination. One lesson plan will address stress management for teenagers who are pregnant or parenting. You will learn how to manage stress situations and the different stressors. Students will be better equipped to recognize stressors and manage them more effectively. This curriculum was created to improve the high school graduation rate for parents of teenage children and pregnant teens. The lesson plans will be evaluated by the participants using the Likert Scale self assessment, which collects real-time information from them. This will allow them to determine if they were effective in improving their empathy, self confidence, and coping skills. These at-risk students will be empowered, which will reduce the chances of them dropping out and increase their educational attainment. The United States has approximately 750,000 teen pregnancy and 400,000 teen births each year. As such, society must encourage, support and prepare parents to have successful parenting and educational careers. Not only are these children at risk, but so is the cycle of poverty, dysfunction and abuse that many others are experiencing. Both mainstream and stand-alone schools need to offer comprehensive support services and high-quality academics to them. Citations
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